Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs Jeffrey Feltman urged the government to bring the perpetrators of the violence and hate speech to justice.
Feltman, who met with Muslim leaders to show solidarity during his visit, "condemned the breakdown in law and order and the attacks against Muslims and their property," a UN statement said.
Sri Lanka has been rocked by a week of violent riots by Sinhalese mobs who have attacked 11 mosques and at least 200 Muslim-owned businesses, prompting the government to declare a state of emergency.
Three people have been killed and 20 wounded in the anti-Muslim attacks. On Sunday a Muslim-owned restaurant was targeted in the town of Anamaduwa, north of the capital Colombo.
Feltman "urged swift and full implementation of the government's commitment to bring the perpetrators of the violence and hate speech to justice, to take measures to prevent recurrence, and to enforce non-discriminatory rule of law."
Sri Lankan police have been accused of failing to protect the island's minority.
Muslims make up 10 percent of Sri Lanka's 21 million people. The majority are Sinhalese, a largely Buddhist ethnic group.
President Maithripala Sirisena announced Saturday that he will appoint a three-member panel of retired judges to investigate the unrest.
A curfew was lifted in the central district of Kandy, the epicentre of the violence, but soldiers remained on the streets.
Feltman met with Sirisena, the prime minister, civil society and human rights representatives during the three-day visit that was scheduled before the outbreak of violence.
The envoy expressed hope that an office of missing persons will be set up soon to determine the fate of those unaccounted for from the brutal 25-year war against Tamil Tiger rebels.
"He expressed concern that many elements of the government's visionary 2015 program seem stalled, despite their importance to sustainable peace, security and prosperity in Sri Lanka," said the statement.
Feltman said he received assurances from government leaders that they are moving forward with democratic reforms.
11 march 2018